Internet Protocol (IP) Address is a logical address which uniquely identify a device a digital device over a network after the assinging. Every digital device needs a IP address to communicate with a network or internet.
Types of IP address
- IP version 4 (IPv4)
- IP version 6 (IPv6)
Internet protocol version 4 or IPv4 comes with a size of 32. It have 4 Octets and each octets are separated with a DOT (.) and numbers in each octet are in Decimal as usual in our use. Each octet is same as 1 Byte in size and its of 8 bits. The minimum value of a octet is 0000000 in binary which value in decimal is 0 and the maximum is 11111111 which is 255 in Decimal. IPv4 is available in 2 notations or formats. 1st one is Binary Notation and its understable by the machine only. 2nd one is Dotted Decimal notation which is understandable by human. We basically have seen the Dotted Decimal notation as its easy to memorize.